The European Power: operation Sophia in and within UN and NATO
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The European Power: operation Sophia in and within UN and NATO

On 6 June 2016, Federica Mogherini, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR), asked to adopt a resolution on authorising Operation Sophia to enforce the UN embargo on the high seas, off the coast of Libya, during her speech at the UN Security Council. A few days prior, NATO Foreign Ministers met in cooperation with the European Union (EU) in Brussels, where the HR underlined the importance of collaboration with NATO in the Aegean Sea, looking at ways in which EU could work together with the Alliance to support the Operation Sophia in the Central Mediterranean. This close collaboration with NATO, and the achievement of the Security Council resolution 2292 (14 June 2016) about the arms embargo in Libya, shows the EU strong impact inside the two international organisations (IOs). This article will provide an explication about the EU role inside the two IOs, how it can affect their policies, and what the EU will do in the Central Mediterranean on the high sea, off the coast of Libya. (suite…)

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Conclusions du Conseil européen, les visas et le statut des Tatars de Crimée turcs
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Conclusions du Conseil européen, les visas et le statut des Tatars de Crimée turcs

Interview MEP Antonio Panzeri – 2 Juin, 2016

L’interview qui suit porte sur trois questions clés: la question des visas pour les citoyens turcs, la condition des Tatars de Crimée et enfin les conclusions du Conseil européen du 23 mai 2016.

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Entretien avec le Député européen Antonio Panzeri : Questions en Syrie, sécurité en Europe et relations avec l’OTAN
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Entretien avec le Député européen Antonio Panzeri : Questions en Syrie, sécurité en Europe et relations avec l’OTAN

Le 23 Février 2016 a été une date importante pour la question de la crise syrienne. Ce jour-là, après un an de tentatives concrètes, les deux parties du conflit (les forces gouvernementales et la résistance) ont convenu d’un cessez-le-feu pour trouver une solution politique au conflit. Dans le même temps les deux puissances mondiales, les Etats-Unis et la Russie, ont également promis un effort pour assurer la trêve. Officiellement, le cessez-le-feu a commencé le 27 Février. (suite…)

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Quand Fayez el-Sarraj appelle,  l’Union européenne se mobilise : les nouvelles mesures en Libye
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Quand Fayez el-Sarraj appelle, l’Union européenne se mobilise : les nouvelles mesures en Libye

Le 9 Mai 2016, lors d’une visite à Tunis, le Ministre des Affaires étrangères italien, Paolo Gentiloni, avait annoncé une réunion internationale sur la Libye pour le 16 Mai. Cette réunion voulue par le ministre italien et par le secrétaire d’État américain John Kerry, a réuni les ministres des Affaires étrangers des principaux pays concernés par la question libyenne. Les pays participants, parmi lesquels la Libye et les cinq membres du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU ont voulu enrichir leur engagement pour éviter une nouvelle crise internationale liée à l’instabilité politique et à l’augmentation des flux migratoires dans la Méditerranéen centrale. Dans cet article la première partie sera consacrée à l’analyse du parcours qui a mené l’instauration du nouveau gouvernement de el-Sarraj, reconnu par la communauté internationale. Ensuite seront expliquées les mesures adoptées par l’UE et les causes de la demande d’aide de la part du gouvernement de Fayez el-Sarraj. Enfin, les résultats de la réunion et les mesures adoptées seront analysées. (suite…)

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NATO’s proportional concept in the Eastern borders: the Stoltenberg policy
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NATO’s proportional concept in the Eastern borders: the Stoltenberg policy

On April 20, 2016 the NATO-Russia Council meeting took place. This meeting was necessary because of the continuous offensive policies of Russia (mainly in Ukraine), but also because of the increasing tension along Eastern borders of the Atlantic Alliance. The Russian growing naval engagement in the Baltic region and in the Black Sea has caused NATO reaction, which has significantly increased its presence in the Eastern borders during the last year. For this reason, NATO and Russia strongly requested a Council meeting on April 20 in Brussels. The aim of this meeting was to both discuss the Ukrainian issue concerning the illegal annexation by Russia of the Crimea, and transparency between the two parties in order to reduce the risk of a conflict. Since 2010, NATO has put in place a new strategy based on collective security, conflict prevention and cooperation with neighbours countries in order to neutralize any type of threat for its member countries. This article initially will examine the post-Cold War NATO’s key strategies, stressing out its « new » principles to deal with the threats of a multipolar world. Then, we will examine NATO reactions against the offensive policy of Russia and the conclusions of the meeting of 20 April. Finally, we will consider NATO policies founded on the increasing military presence along the Eastern border of the Alliance, highlighting the current political-military situation based on the concept of “action-reaction”.

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If we close a border another one is still opened Not only Turkey – the crisis in the Central Mediterranean
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If we close a border another one is still opened Not only Turkey – the crisis in the Central Mediterranean

On 17 December 2015, in Skhirat, Morocco, the representatives of the Congress of Tripoli and of Tobruk Chamber signed an agreement for the formation of the Government of National Accord, under the aegis of the United Nations. After the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, two fundamental consequences resulted from political instability in Libya: the spread of the groups belonging to the Islamic State and the increase of migrant flows in the central Mediterranean. The International Organization for Migration estimates that 6,021 migrants and refugees arrived in Italy since 14 February 2016. The Organization also states that these numbers will increase during the coming days. In recent times, much attention has been devoted to the migration crisis in the eastern part of the Mediterranean, but the migration flows in central Mediterranean raise concerns for the European Union again. This article aims to analyze the European policies in the central Mediterranean, the relations with the Libyan government, and the Council conclusions of 18 and 19 April 2016. (suite…)

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NATO-Russia Council: on 20 April the new D-day for the international equilibrium
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NATO-Russia Council: on 20 April the new D-day for the international equilibrium

The next meeting of NATO-Russia Council at Ambassadorial level will take place on Wednesday, 20 April, as announced officially by NATO communication officer. On 12 April it has been decided the date of D-day for the world equilibrium. Since 2014, the international scenario has been marked by two major events: the proclamation of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, and the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. Russia’s policy in Ukraine and its support for the Bashar al-Assad government has worsened the relations with the Atlantic Alliance, which promptly adopted a policy based on «action-reaction» principle. Moreover, the degeneration of the Ukrainian conflict, the ISIL expansion, political tensions between Russia and Turkey (a NATO member state), the migratory crisis and the issue of security in Afghanistan, have been permanently taken in consideration by NATO, which for two years has pursued to maintain political relations with Russia. Now, more than ever, NATO wants a new meeting to avoid any kind of military degeneration. This article will examine the nature of the relations between NATO and Russia in the last two years, and what will be the main issues discussed during the summit scheduled for late April 2016. (suite…)

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Accord EU-Turquie pas à pas : la déclaration des conclusions du sommet des 17 et 18 mars (suite, deuxième épisode)
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Accord EU-Turquie pas à pas : la déclaration des conclusions du sommet des 17 et 18 mars (suite, deuxième épisode)

A l’issue de deux journées des denses négociations lors du Conseil européen des 17 et 18 mars, les Chefs d’Etats ou de gouvernement sont parvenus à un accord avec la Turquie afin de limiter l’accès aux migrants illégaux qui partent de la Turquie pour gagner l’Europe. Après avoir défini leur position commune pendant le premier jour de réunion, les dirigeants de l’UE et les représentants de la Turquie ont finalement finalisé le projet d’accord EU-Turquie, déjà défini pendant la réunion du 7 mars. (suite…)

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Why the NATO is in the Aegean? What is the European reaction? Waiting for the European Council answer on 17 Mars
Why the NATO is in the Aegean? What is the European reaction? Waiting for the European Council answer on 17 Mars

Why the NATO is in the Aegean? What is the European reaction? Waiting for the European Council answer on 17 Mars

The European Union has promptly responded to Turkey requests for the migrant question. Since 2014, two European naval operations have taken place in the Mediterranean in order to deal with human trafficking. However, two European countries have asked NATO for help in the Aegean, and even Turkey, despite the planned aid, didn’t hesitate to plaid for NATO assistance. Is the EU ineffective according to Turkey? This article wants to explore the European weakness, analysing at the same time the issue of NATO presence in the Aegean. (suite…)

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The nature of the EU-NATO relationship
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The nature of the EU-NATO relationship

«On major strategic and international questions today, Americans are from Mars and Europeans are from Venus, they agree on little and understand one another even less» wrote Robert Kagan in his essay “Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order”. Kagan argued that the EU and the USA have different philosophical outlooks on the use of power. In his opinion, the consequence would be a lack of a genuine European military force in the international scenario. As a result, the EU has always needed to appeal at NATO in order to implement its own foreign policy and to have a military impact. This article is a brief analysis of the evolution and implementation of the EU cooperation with NATO.
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